In April , as part of its commitment to becoming more results-oriented, CIDA’s President issued the Results-Based Management in CIDA – Policy Statement. The December CIDA (now Global Affairs Canada) RBM Handbook on Developing Results Chains: The Basics of RBM as Applied to Project Examples. produce a comprehensive, pragmatic and useful guide for RBM tools and operations. CIDA uses RBM to better manage its international development.

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There is no confusion here with results being described as purposes, or goals, terms which, for some agencies, are used almost interchangeably along with Outputs, Outcomes and Results, something that often leads to genuine confusion as implementing agencies, partners and beneficiaries try to describe results, and distinguish them from activities.

These and other additional tips can be found in section 3 — Step by Step Instructions on results-based project planning and design p. The Theory of Change as an approach is a guiding framework for all stages of planning thinkingimplementation action and performance management accountability and lessons-learning when intervening in social change processes. About Me Greg Armstrong.

The RBM approach shifts away from a focus on inputs, activities and processes to a focus on benefits and achievements that are a direct effect of the intervention.

A typical inception field trip for an inception period might last weeks, rarely longer, and during this period a theory of change process has to be initiated with all of the major stakeholders, an existing logic model tested and perhaps revised, a detailed work breakdown structure, and risk framework developed, institutional cooperation agreements negotiated, and detailed discussions on a Performance Measurement Framework with a multitude of potential stakeholders completed.

About Me Clda Armstrong.

Experience indicates that clarity in direction invariably leads to enhanced effectiveness and efficiency for policy makers, planners and programme managers.

The Ultimate Outcome level is the result to which the project, along with a host of other external agencies, including the national government, and other donors, may cids contributing.

Results-Based Management Tools at CIDA: A How-to Guide

The amount of time allocated by donors and partners for the inception field trips by implementing agencies — and the budget allocated to support baseline data collection processes – are too limited to make baseline data collection for all indicators during the inception period feasible in all but the most unusual cases.


An evaluation should provide information that is credible and useful, enabling the incorporation of lessons learned into the decision-making processes of both implementers and donors.

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But in many cases, the data collection must be assigned to the partner agencies in the field, who know where the information is, and how to get it.

The aim is to determine the relevance and guidf of objectives, development efficiency, effectiveness, impact, and sustainability.

1.1. What is Results-Based Management?

Learning takes place at every stage. Evaluability Assessment and Results-Based Management: Posted by Greg Armstrong at This document makes this link, and the link to results-based scheduling, clearer, and the template for the Logic Model, automatically populates the matrix with Outputs, preparatory to figuring out what activities are necessary to achieve them. The RBM Training website explains his approach to training.

This implies a thorough analysis of the problem that needs to be solved, the changes that are desired and the activities and inputs that are necessary to achieve them. People are inclined to resist any approach that is perceived as being imposed from above. This sounds mundane, but there has been confusion in some Logic Models about whether Outputs were just completed activities or something more. Results-oriented leadership demonstrates attitudes and behaviour that are essential for the success of the organization.

Share on LinkedIn Greg Armstrong. Internal risks are factors under the control of the programme that may hinder success, and include human and financial resource capacity, corruption, management capabilities, incentive structures, ownership, etc.

Results-Based Management Training www. Blog and Podcast List. That kind of analysis, as well as questions of cause and effect, is normally dealt with through reviews and evaluations.

If A is done, B will happen; if B happens, C is also likely to happen.

Results-based management for international assistance programming: A how-to guide

Monitoring in an RBM system is a continuous or periodic process that provides performance information on the degree of progress made towards achievement of desired change or results at a particular time.

The actors in turn use the information and evidence on actual results to inform decision-making on the design, resourcing and delivery of programmes and activities as well as for accountability and reporting. This is about standard for most agencies.

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It can be useful, not just for people working on CIDA projects but for anyone trying to put together the pieces of a complex project or programme. In some cases, such as the template for the Performance Measure Framework, the links is to a document produced when the agency was still known as CIDA.

This notwithstanding, for the system to be effective and sustainable, the environment in which RBM is utilized is as important as the tools and methodologies. As the GAC guide notes:. RBM together with a changing mind-set and culture towards achievement of results is often positioned as an important part of management reform.

Audio summary 8m of FP2P posts, week beginning 17th December 1 week ago. Most accounting systems do not show the alignment of resources to objectives. Planning lays the basis for implementation, monitoring, reporting and evaluation processes, and directs all steps in their proper sequence.

And, as the GAC guide quite correctly notes: When staff is involved in developing and implementing results, they own the process and appreciate the relevance of RBM and its related systems, processes and tools. These deal, among many other things, with. Reporting on Outcomes,Limitations: Committing to results management requires that staff and management be held accountable for appropriate levels of results.

Incentives to institutionalize a culture of results: Some elements are of use only in project design, but most can be used in implementation. A results-oriented leadership to drive the results agenda: Suggested Results Reporting Format – emphasizing progress against indicators and targets. The ToC brings flexibility to and expands on the results chain.

Posted by Greg Armstrong at Learning in an RBM system is a critical and continuous process that occurs throughout the cycle of planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation, all of which contribute to knowledge creation.

Those who have examined or worked with the Results terminology used by U. The process involves making adjustments and gude.